Countries that allow dual citizenship – and those that don’t

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Dual citizenship is governed by complex regulations that vary depending on where you’re from, and where you’re hoping to become a dual-citizenship national. In some countries, dual citizenship has been an established option for decades now, while in others the entire concept is a no-no. In a third set of countries, dual citizenship can be granted, provided a certain number of conditions are met. And in others, taking citizenship requires citizens to renounce any other citizenship they might have first.

We bring you our breakdown of dual-citizenship countries, in addition to countries that don’t allow dual citizenship, for a quick and easy guide to where to look to acquire multiple citizenship.

Relocate Antigua is on hand to answer any questions you might have about the possibility of dual citizenship in your own specific circumstances. Each and every country has its own unique set of double-nationality rules that will apply to varying degrees, depending on your original citizenship. Can you be a citizen of two countries? Does Canada allow dual citizenship? Get in touch with us for assistance in unravelling the complex tapestry of regulations relevant to your own case.

Relocate Antigua specialises in helping clients get to grips with the ins and outs of relocating to Antigua and Barbuda, securing residency and working towards gaining citizenship. Our expert consultants and specialist relocation teams are on hand to talk you through the citizenship-by-investment schemes and residency programmes open to you – get in touch to find out how we can help.

And read on for a general overview of the state of play…

Dual Citizenship
Dual Citizenship

Countries that allow dual citizenship

Although each country differs in outlook and approach, entire continents tend to follow similar trends.

The list of African countries allowing individuals to hold dual citizenship is growing every year, yet remains restricted – in many nations in Africa, dual citizenship is illegal.

Just a decade ago, there were only seven countries in Asia that allowed individuals to hold dual citizenship. Ten years on, and the dual citizenship countries list for the continent has grown significantly.

Over half of North America’s twenty-three countries allow dual citizenship, making it a safe bet for many international travellers, and South America is similarly relaxed.

Over in Europe and across the ocean in Oceania, most countries give dual citizenship the green light – with a handful of exceptions we’ve flagged below, nonetheless.

We guide you through a continent-by-continent breakdown of the rules, complete with pointers for countries where quirks or specifics apply. At the end of this article, you’ll find a downloadable kit for you to refer back to any time.

CountryGood to knowStatus
Algeria  Requires renunciation of previous citizenship – although a loophole applies.  
Angola 
Benin 
Burundi 
Cape Verde 
ComorosOfficially, dual citizenship is not permitted, but in practice this rule isn’t often applied.  
Egypt  Officials must be informed of the citizen’s intention to apply for dual citizenship.  
Ghana 
Ivory Coast 
Kenya 
Lesotho 
Libya 
Madagascar 
Malawi 
Mauritius 
Morocco 
Senegal 
Sierra Leone 
Somalia 
South AfricaCitizens over the age of eighteen must apply to retain their South African passport before acquiring dual nationality.  
Sudan 
Tunisia 
Uganda 
ZambiaCitizens who lost their original nationality before the law was changed can apply to have their citizenship reinstated.  

Asia

CountryGood to knowStatus
BangladeshCitizens lose their passport, however, if they commit a crime within five years of being awarded nationality.  
East Timor 
Hong Kong 
Iraq 
IsraelJews are permitted to claim citizenship under the Law of Return legislation.  
Jordan  Citizens who lost their original nationality before the law was changed can apply to have their citizenship reinstated.  
Pakistan  Pakistan only allows individuals from sixteen specified countries to hold dual citizenship. Pakistani dual citizenship bars citizens from certain rights.  
Philippines  Dual citizenship is much easier to acquire if the original citizenship is Filipino, as opposed to the other way around – it’s difficult for foreign nationals to be granted it.  
Sri Lanka   

North America

CountryGood to knowStatus
Canada  Dual citizenship is actively promoted in Canada.  
The United States  Dual citizenship is discouraged in the United States.  
Saint Kitts and Nevis  An extremely relaxed citizenship-by-investment scheme operates here.  
Mexico  Citizens are required to enter and leave Mexico using their Mexican passports.  
Dominican Republic 
Honduras 
Costa Rica 
PanamaCitizens are required to take an oath proclaiming renunciation of their original citizenship, but in practice this isn’t recognised by other countries. The Friendly Nations Visa is one alternative worth considering.  
Jamaica 
Trinidad and Tobago 
BarbadosBarbados actively encourages dual citizenship.  
Saint Lucia 
Grenada 
Antigua and BarbudaNot only does Antigua and Barbuda allow dual citizenship – it also has a very strong citizenship-by-investment scheme.  
Dominica   

South America

CountryGood to knowStatus
Argentina  Citizens are required to enter and leave Argentina using their Argentinian passports if visiting the country for more than 90 days.  
Bolivia 
Brazil  Citizens are required to enter and leave Brazil using their Brazilian passports.  
Chile 
Colombia  Dual citizens cannot hold certain government positions. Citizens who lost their nationality can apply to have their citizenship reinstated.  
EcuadorCitizens who lost their nationality as a result of naturalisation elsewhere can apply to have their citizenship reinstated.  
Paraguay  One of the easiest places in the world to acquire dual nationality.  
Peru  This primarily applies to citizens of Hispanic countries, although in practice Peru applies relaxed dual citizenship laws.  
Uruguay   

Europe

CountryGood to knowStatus
Albania 
Armenia 
Belgium 
CyprusIn addition to citizenship by naturalisation, Cyprus also has an economic citizenship scheme.  
Czech Republic  Citizens who lost their nationality can apply to have their citizenship reinstated.  
Denmark 
Finland 
France 
Greece 
HungaryIn addition to citizenship by naturalisation, Hungary also has an economic citizenship scheme.  
Iceland 
IrelandIrish citizenship can be acquired by individuals who can prove Irish ancestry.  
Italy  Italian citizenship can be acquired by individuals who can prove Italian ancestry.  
Latvia 
Luxembourg 
Macedonia 
MaltaIn addition to citizenship by naturalisation, Malta also has an economic citizenship scheme.  
Portugal  Portugal has a generous citizenship-by-investment scheme.  
Romania  No residency conditions need to be fulfilled for Romanian citizenship to be awarded.  
Russia 
SerbiaSerbia has a citizenship-by-ancestry scheme, similarly to Ireland and Italy.  
Sweden 
Switzerland 
Turkey 
United KingdomIn some cases, British Overseas Territories’ nationals may not be granted dual citizenship.  

Oceania

CountryGood to knowStatus
Australia  Australia actively encourages dual citizenship, and has a very relaxed citizenship-by-investment scheme.  
Fiji  In addition to standard dual citizenship regulations, spouses of citizens may also apply for citizenship provided a certain number of conditions are met.  
Nauru 
New Zealand  Citizens run the risk of losing their dual citizenship in the event of any acts contrary to the country’s interests.  
Palau 
Samoa 
Tuvalu 
Vanuatu 

Countries that allow dual citizenship under special circumstances

This dual citizenship countries list features countries where dual citizenship is permitted under particular circumstances, or in specific cases. Contact Relocate Antigua for more in-depth detail of each country’s requirements, and check official authorities’ website for guidance, as these requirements and cases can often change.

Afghanistan

Austria

Bosnia

Bulgaria

Croatia

El Salvador

Eritrea

Estonia

Georgia

Germany

Guatemala

Guyana

Liechtenstein

Moldova

Montenegro

Namibia

Nicaragua

Nigeria

Norway

Panama

Poland

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Seychelles

Slovenia

South Korea

Spain

Taiwan

Tanzania

The Netherlands

Countries that don’t allow dual citizenship

The countries listed below do not currently allow dual citizenship – but as the number of nations that permit dual citizenship increases, you can expect to see it shorten in the future.

Azerbaijan

Bahamas

Bahrain

Belarus

Bhutan

Botswana

China

Congo

Cuba

Djibouti

Ethiopia

Haiti

India

Indonesia

Iran

Japan

Kazakhstan

Kuwait

Kyrgyzstan

Laos

Macau

Malaysia

Marshall Islands

Micronesia

Monaco

Mongolia

Mozambique

Myanmar

Nepal

North Korea

Oman

Papua New Guinea

Qatar

San Marino

Saudi Arabia

Singapore

Slovakia

Solomon Islands

Swaziland

Tajikistan

Thailand

Tonga

Turkmenistan

Ukraine

United Arab Emirates

Uzbekistan

Venezuela

Vietnam

Yemen

Zimbabwe

Download our guides to dual citizenship

For easy access on the go, Relocate Antigua offers downloadable lists to refer back to – and we’re always on hand to provide you with the most up-to-date information for each specific country.

Get in touch for more in-depth details of countries that allow dual citizenship in your case!

Please note that you should always check each country’s official guidance and regulations, as legislation changes frequently over time.

Downloadable guides to countries that allow dual citizenship, countries that don’t allow dual citizenship, and countries where special conditions apply to dual citizenship.

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